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CBD vs. THC -Know the Difference

CBD and THC are the cannabinoids that come from the cannabis family. Though they have the same root; there are a few essential dissimilarities between both the cannabinoids.


With the help of this article, you will get complete information on both the topic, which includes their dissimilarities as well.


Definition of CBD


Cannabidiol (CBD) is currently a perky topic in the health sector for various reasons. It is one of the various compounds or molecules that is available in the cannabis plant. It has the capability of producing abundant beneficial health properties, which can be helpful for treating a bunch of disorders.


It is a non-psychoactive compound that doesn’t cause a high sensation in the body.


Now, let us understand the different strains of CBD that are available.


Different CBD Strains


CBD is one of the essential cannabinoids of the cannabis plant, but this is not the complete truth. There are various other strains of cannabis available in which the proportion of CBD and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) may vary accordingly.


  • High THC and low CBD (e.g., the ratio can be 10-30% of THC, and an only trace amount of CBD)
  • A proper balance of cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (e.g., 5-15% of both THC and CBD)
  • High cannabidiol and Low tetrahydrocannabinol. (e.g., 5-20% CBD, and THC will be below 5%)

  • High-CBD strains will offer the maximum benefits of CBD without giving a mind-altering effect. This category of products is the most preferred one by the consumers.


    High-strain of cannabidiol products can be an amazing option for treating a wide range of disorders, such as controlling pain, inflammation, anxiety, and many other diseases.


    Now, you might think about the drug interaction that can happen by consuming CBD.


    Considering this, out next subtopic is:


    Can CBD Interact With Other Regular Drugs?


    YES. Cannabidiol does have the capacity of interacting with some of the other regular medicines. There are a few studies that states that the high amount of CBD can interact with several other medications likes clobazam, eslicarbazepine, rufinamide, topiramate, valproate, and zonisamide.


    The interaction could lessen the thickness of blood vessels, produce high sedative effects, and much more. For example, when you consume clobazam with CBD, it will produce sedative effects.


    However, for your own extra precaution, always consult with your general physicians and know about the drug interactions.


    After looking at a few important information about CBD, let us understand about the second most important cannabinoid of the cannabis family –THC.


    Know about THC


    Tetrahydrocannabinol is an essential chemical compound that is available in the cannabis plant. Apart from an essential compound, it also one of the main compounds that can produce a psychoactive effect on the body. In addition to this, it can be useful for treating various health disorders.


    Will Tetrahydrocannabinol Produce Any Euphoric Effects?


    YES, of course.


    This is because THC is the main psychoactive compound that is available in the cannabis plants. This ultimately means that it has the full potential of giving you a euphoric feeling.


    What Are The Researchers Saying About THC?


    According to the National Cancer Institute, for around several years, marijuana is helpful for a bunch of medical purposes.


    Recently, in 2017, medical marijuana became a legal product to use in quite a few states. Apart, from this, there are also a few states where tetrahydrocannabinol became legal for recreational purposes.


    This is because, as per a few studies, if THC is used properly, then it tends to offer medical benefits. For e.g., according to a study on mice, THC has beneficial properties that can help in improving the memory, if it’s consumed in a small amount.


    Now, let us discuss the dissimilarities and similarities between both cannabinoids.


    Dissimilarities and Similarities between CBD and THC


    CHEMICAL STRUCTURE:

    When it comes to chemical structure, both the cannabinoids are the same. Both of them have 21 carbon atoms, 2 oxygen atoms, and 30 hydrogen atoms. However, even a small misplacement in the arrangement of the atoms can cause a great impact in their effects.


    Both THC and CBD act similarly with the endocannabinoids that are present in the body. These endocannabinoids allow them to interact with the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) present in the body. This interaction can alter the release of neurotransmitters in your brain.


    PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECT


    When it comes to usage of the cannabis-derived product, many people may have confusion between the psychoactive natures of the compounds.


    If you also have this, then this para will help you to get a clear picture.


    Though they have similar structures, both of them have the opposite chemical properties. In other words, cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive compound, whereas THC is exactly the opposite.


    Tetrahydrocannabinol interacts with the CB1 receptors that are present in the brain, which produces a high feeling and alters the sensation.


    CBD can bind receptors very loosely. Instead of binding with the receptors, this cannabinoid allows to body to produce its own cannabinoid in large amounts. In fact, CBD can alter the THC’s psychoactive effects.


    DRUG TEST


    When you consume any of the cannabinoids such as cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol, they gets stored in the body’s fat. As a result, they can show up in any drug test for several weeks after its consumption.


    However, most of the drug test are to check the tetrahydrocannabinol contents. It means that if you consume any of the THC content product, then it can show up in the drug tests.


    Not every drug test that is available is for checking the THC content; there are a few cannabidiol sensitive tests as well.


    Thus, to escape from the positive drug test result, it is good to consume CBD products.


    LEGALITY


    The legality status of both the cannabinoids are changing frequently in the U.S. In fact, both marijuana and cannabis come under the controlled substance, and that’s the reason why federal law is restricting the usage of these cannabinoids.


    However, there are certain states in the united nation that have passed cannabis-related laws, according to which the medical marijuana that has a high concentration of THC is legal. Moreover, there are also a few states where the usage of marijuana is legal for recreational purposes.


    However, when it comes to the legitimacy of cannabidiol, only hemp-derived is legal to use in almost states of the U.S.


    MEDICAL BENEFITS BETWEEN CBD and THC


    Both the cannabinoids of the cannabis plant has multiple therapeutic benefits. Let us discuss those benefits individually for both the cannabinoids.


    Here are the conditions, for which the medical benefits of cannabidiol can be useful:


  • • Seizures
  • • Psychosis
  • • Inflammation
  • • Depression
  • • Nausea
  • • Anxiety
  • • Migraines

  • Here are the health conditions, for which the medical benefits of tetrahydrocannabinol can be useful:


  • • Muscle spasticity
  • • Low appetite
  • • Insomnia
  • • Glaucoma

  • After knowing about the benefits that we may get from this medication, let us move on to understand the side effects that you may possibly face because of these two cannabinoids


    Side Effects OF CBD and THC


    As per the several studies, CBD is a tolerable and safe supplement, even if people consume a higher dosage of it. However, some scientists also say that the side effects of this cannabinoid are mostly either due to high dosage or due to any kind of drug interaction.


    Some of the common side effects that you may face due to cannabidiol are:


  • • Dry mouth
  • • Dizziness
  • • Nausea
  • • Vomiting
  • • Diarrhea

  • Some of the common side effects that you may face due to tetrahydrocannabinol are:


  • • Dry mouth
  • • Memory loss
  • • Cognitive action problem
  • • Coordination issue
  • • Red eye
  • • High heart rate

  • This cannabinoid has the potential of altering the mind perceptions for the long term. Moreover, the usage of this compound can increase the chances of developing schizophrenia.


    Next,


    According to the researchers, THC will give a euphoric feeling, whereas cannabidiol will not make you feel high.


    Thinking why it is so?


    If yes, then read below.


    Why THC is Producing High Feeling and Not CBD?


    There is a bunch of evidence available to show that cannabidiol will not produce any psychoactive effect, whereas, THC will.


    The reason behind this is, tetrahydrocannabinol can bind with the cannabinoid receptors that exist in the brain, which is why it is able to create a euphoric sensation in the body.


    However, cannabidiol will not produce any such effect, and moreover, it can control the cognitive action that is happening due to the consumption of tetrahydrocannabinol.


    After knowing all the important information about both the cannabinoids, let us move on to know about the ingestion option available for both the cannabinoids.


    Ingestion Options Available For Both the Cannabinoids?


    There are a variety of options available in the market for consuming both the cannabinoids, these includes:


  • • Gels
  • • Gummies
  • • Oil
  • • Tinctures
  • • Edibles
  • • Capsules
  • • Vape
  • Final Words on This Topic


    Cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol are important compounds of the cannabis family. Though their medical benefits are similar; they exhibit a totally opposite nature.


    Thus, it is important to familiarize themselves with the state law before buying any of the CBD or THC products.


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